Construction of the Wall:
The Apartheid Wall, which is twice as long as the Green Line (the internationally recognized border between Israel and the occupied Palestinian territories) cuts deep into occupied Palestinian land, annexing a 10% of the West Bank to Israel and turning entire communities into closed-off, fenced enclaves. Declared illegal by the International Court of Justice, the Wall denies Palestinian access to their own agricultural lands, water sources, and vital services.
Elbit has been heavily involved in the construction of the Apartheid Wall in the West Bank. The company supplies this project with a range of systems and products for border security and surveillance, including observation systems and smart fences. Elbit and its subsidiaries Elbit Electro-Optics (El-Op) and Elbit Security Systems (Ortek) supply surveillance systems such as the LORROS (Long-Range Reconnaissance and Observation System). As noted by Grassroots International, it is estimated that Elbit makes over $2 million per kilometer (more than $1 million per mile) in the construction of the Wall, making Elbit one of the primary profiteers from this illegal project.
Elbit produces Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAVs) and Unmanned Aircraft Vehicles (UAVs), or "drones." In 2010, Elbit was awarded a contract by the Israeli Ministry of Defense to provide its newest weapon-compatible UAS Hermes 450 and Hermes 900, worth $50 million, to the Israeli Army. Both models are able to carry weapons such as Hellfire or Spike missiles.
Drones from the larger Hermes models can reportedly be outfitted with two missiles, and in addition to their use for scouting and tracking targets, they were used in some of the more horrific incidents in the 2006 war on Lebanon and the 2008-2009 attack on Gaza. In Human Rights Watch's report titled "Precisely Wrong," it is clear that Elbit's Hermes 450 and 900, equipped with two Spike-MR missiles, were used to conduct attacks in Gaza that resulted in civilian casualties. In the 23-day assault on Gaza, missiles fired from drones were directly attributed to the killing of 78 Palestinians, including 29 children, and wounding 73 others (see here and here).
Israel's use of Elbit's Hermes drones for targeted killings has been condemned by Human Rights Watch and has prompted Amnesty International to call for a suspension of UK arms sales to Israel. The continuous use of Israeli drones over Gaza’s airspace has been described in the Goldstone Report (page 85) as one of the elements of the Gaza blockade, confirming the report’s legal opinion that Israel remains the occupying power over Gaza. Israeli drones were also used in the disastrous flotilla attack in May 2010. Elbit has successfully tested a new generation of drones that can travel as far as Iran from Israel.
Elbit sells its drones to a number of other countries including the U.S., where they have been used for surveillance by Border Patrol along the Arizona/Mexico border.
Similarly, the company is involved in the production of Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) that are used by the Israeli military in patrols along the border with the Gaza strip and along the "Seamline Expanse" in the occupied West Bank
Through its subsidiary, Soltam, Elbit produces mortar ammunition, including white phosphorus mortar shells. The Israeli Army used white phosphorus shells in the 2008 attacks on Gaza, which reportedly led to civilian casualties. Subsequently Israel has been accused of having committed war crimes for this use.
Elbit supplies the Israeli Air Force with avionics systems such as mission computers and helmet mounted systems for aircrafts and helicopters. These electronic systems are used in the Israeli F-16 fighter jets that have frequently been used in the bombing of the Gaza Strip.
Finally, Elbit supplies a range of systems for all models of Israel's main battle tank, the Merkava. This includes fire control and electric gun and turret drive systems, electronic and electric turret systems, day/night gunner, and battle management systems. Different models of the Merkava were used in a significant number of large-scale military operations by the Israeli Army, such as the 2006 Lebanon War and the 2008 Operation Cast Lead. Until today, many Merkava Mark IV were stationed along Israeli borders in Gaza and the West Bank.
Involvement in US Mexico Border:
The Separation Wall is not the only wall for which Elbit has supplied border control mechanisms. In 2006, Elbit's subsidiary, Kollsmann, was contracted by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security to supply border security technology to the U.S.-Mexico border. Within the program that cost about one billion U.S. dollars, Kollsmann acted as a subcontractor of Boeing along with the firms Lucent, L3 Communications, Perot Systems, and Unisys Global Public Sector. In January 2011, the program was cancelled before it was finished due to cost overruns, technical problems, and schedule delays.